The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal nerves, and peripheral nerves. If any abnormalities are found in these parts, neurological treatment is necessary. There are various symptoms of abnormalities of the nervous system; consciousness disorders such as mental confusion and uttering meaningless words, dysesthesia such as hemiplegia or paraplegia, headaches and neuralgia, convulsions, and numbness, dullness, or acuteness over hands and feet, abnormal movements like naturally trembling, twisted, or moving hands and feet, visual impairments like diplopia or eyesight failure, difficulty swallowing food or food frequently stuck in the throat, pararthria and mogilalia, symptoms like mouth turned to one side, dizziness, tinnitus, difficulties walking up the stairs or lifting arms, gait abnormalities like an unsteady gait (like drunkenness), dragging feet, or waking unnaturally, sporadic feeling of lethargy, intelligence disorders, developmental disorders, and behavioral disorders. Neurological treatments are needed when such symptoms are in doubt.
Parkinson’s disease is a type of degenerative central nervous system disorder in which particular nervous cells are gradually destroyed. The symptoms tend to be progressing and accompany motor function disorders like tremors (trembling) and stiffening while most intellectual capacities are intact. As it may occur during the period in which one is active in social activities for a stable life, it can cause serious damage to one’s family or society as a whole due to constrained activities followed by motor dysfunctions.
Our body keeps its static sense through harmony and the collaboration of multiple systems; visual system based on eyes, vestibular system through vestibular organs of the inner ear that senses the location of the head and changes in the movement, somatosensory system that senses postural changes through the senses of arms and legs, and the central nervous system that comprehensively control all these systems. If any part of the system malfunctions, one may feel vertigo.
Different kinds of diseases may cause dizziness. Among them, there is vestibular neuronitis, otolithiasis, Meneieres, dizziness due to labyrinthitis, migrainous vertigo, vertigo due to stroke, and vertigo due to cerebellar ataxia. The cardiovascular system, autonomic nervous system, or other mental factors can cause vertigo. Vertigo may also come with various symptoms like nausea or vomiting that may influence one’s daily life.
In case of abnormal muscle contractions, a Botox injection may effectively deter abnormal muscle contractions. Since its first use in 1980 for squint eye correction for infants, it has been widely used in the neurological field for patients suffering from facial spasms or local dysmyotonia. Botox injections can be used for the following cases; facial spasms with symptoms like eyes that continue blinking or are naturally rolled back and distortion of one side of the face, eyes that blink too much due to dysmyotonia on the muscles around eyes (blepharospasm), dysmyotonia around the mouth and chin, twisting or trembling of the neck in the left and right or front and rear direction (wryneck), or dysmyotonia for hands and feet. One may expect a 60% to 100% recovery rate with one injection. However, the remedial effects are not permanent, which last about 3 to 6 months and require taking another injection after the period.
Consisting of nerve fascicles of motor nerves, sensory nerves, and autonomic nerves, the spinal cord, located in the spinal canal, connects the brain and periphery. Major spinal cord diseases in neurology are myelitis, multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, etc. The clinic performs a diagnosis for spinal cord and muscle diseases through electric physiologic tests (electromyograph and electromyography, evoked potential test, autonomic nervous test), magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid examination, genetic analysis, nerve and muscle tissue examination, and so on. There are still several hereditary diseases that are difficult to treat, but more and more diseases can be cured or controlled and not develop further if diagnosed earlier and appropriately treated.
The Sleep clinic conducts interviews and surveys for medical examinations to identify sleep patterns for each individual as well as polysomnography if necessary. The clinic measures many physiological signals such as sleep electroencephalogram, ocular movement, mandibular electromyogram, lower limb electromyogram, electrocardiogram, snoring, respiratory movement, and arterial oxygen saturation. Information gained from the tests play a crucial role in precise diagnosis, treatment, and judgment for patients.